Soil Health Card Scheme is launched by the government of India in 2015 to issue ‘Soil card’ to farmers. The Soil Card carries crop-wise recommendations of nutrients and fertilizers required for the individual farms. The aim was to help farmers improve productivity through judicious use of inputs. Soil Health Card is used to assess the current status of soil health and, when used over time, to determine changes in soil health that are affected by land management. A Soil Health Card displays soil health indicators and associated descriptive terms. The indicators are typically based on farmers’ practical experience and knowledge of local natural resources. The card lists soil health indicators that can be assessed without the aid of technical or laboratory equipment.
SHC is a printed report that a farmer will be handed over for each of his holdings. It contains the status of his soil with respect to 12 parameters, namely N,P,K (Macro-nutrients); S (Secondary- nutrient); Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, Bo (Micro – nutrients); and pH, EC, OC (Physical parameters). Based on this, the SHC also indicates fertilizer recommendations and soil amendment required for the farm.
The objective of SHC is to provide information about the Soil Health to 120 million farm holdings in the country.
Soil Health Card mobile App has been launched to help the farmers. The app benefits field-level workers as it will automatically capture GIS coordinates while registering sample details at the time of sample collection in the field and indicate the location from where the sample has been collected
The scheme is promoted by the Department of Agriculture & Co-operation under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare. It is being implemented through the Department of Agriculture of all the State and Union Territory Governments.
The Soil Health Card Day is observed annually on 19th February. It commemorates the day Soil Health Card Scheme was launched by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on February 19, 2015 at Suratgarh, Rajasthan. Coincidentally, the International Year of Soils was celebrated the same year.
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