The term ‘motivation’ is derived from the word ‘motive’. Motive may be defined as needs, wants, drives or impulses within the individual. Motivation is defined as the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal. The level of motivation varies both between individuals and within individuals at different times.
The three key elements in motivation are intensity, direction, and persistence:
Motivation concerns those processes which produces goal-directed behavior. The basic elements of the process of motivation are:
Motivation may be classified on following bases:
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