Article 370 of the Indian constitution gave special status to the region of Jammu and Kashmir, allowing it to have a separate constitution, a state flag and autonomy over the internal administration of the state. The article was drafted in Part XXI of the Constitution: Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions. This article, along with Article 35A, defined that the Jammu and Kashmir state’s residents live under a separate set of laws, including those related to citizenship, ownership of property, and fundamental rights, as compared to resident of other Indian states. As a result of this provision, Indian citizens from other states could not purchase land or property in Jammu & Kashmir. In 1954 , Presidential Order was issued, specifying the articles of the Indian constitution that applied to the state.
On 5 August 2019, the President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind , issued a Presidential Order, whereby all the provisions of the Indian Constitution are to apply to the State without any special provisions and article 370 and article 35a stands revoked. This implies that the State’s separate Constitution stands abrogated, including the privileges allowed by the Article 35A.
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