The Smart Cities Mission is an innovative Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) to drive economic growth and improve the quality of life of people by enabling local development and harnessing technology as a means to create smart outcomes for citizens. The Central Government proposed to provide financial support to the Mission to the tune of Rs. 48,000 crores over five. The Mission will cover 100 cities and its duration will be five years (FY2015-16 to FY2019-20). The scheme is administered by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Government of India.
As per Census 2011, cities accommodate nearly 31% of India’s population and contribute 63% of GDP. Urban areas are expected to house 40% of India’s population and contribute 75% of India’s GDP by 2030. This requires comprehensive development of physical, institutional, social and economic infrastructure. These are important in improving the quality of life and attracting people and investment, setting in motion a virtuous cycle of growth and development.
The objective is to promote cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions. The focus is on sustainable and inclusive development and the idea is to look at compact areas, create a replicable model which will act like a light house to other aspiring cities.
The core infrastructure elements in a smart city would include:
The strategy to implement the mission is categories into two parts:
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