The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) entered into force on 21 March 1994. It is an international environment treaty ratified by 197 countries also known as Parties to the Convention. There are 27 articles in the convention.
The ultimate objective of this Convention is stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a time-frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
To achieve the objectives set out the convention, the parties shall be guided by following principles:
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