There are around 25,000 pending bankruptcy and insolvency cases apart from other corporate cases in India. In order to improve ease of doing business, enabling winding up of unproductive and stressed companies and promote better corporate dispute redressal mechanism, the Central Government has constituted National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) under section 408 of the Companies Act, 2013 (18 of 2013) w.e.f. 01st June 2016. The NCLT is formed with an aim to merge the various forums and provide a single medium for adjudication of all company matters.
Subsequently, the Company Law Board (CLB) and BIFR are dissolved and pending cases in both authorities are bound to move to NCLT.
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In 1999, Justice V. Balakrishna Eradi Committee on Laws on Insolvency and Winding up of Companies endorsed the need to set up a national tribunal to deal with matters pertaining to revival, rehabilitation and winding up of companies. Acting upon the recommendations, the Government of India enacted the Companies (Second Amendment) Act 2002 provided for the establishment of NCLT and National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) to replace the Company Law Board (CLB), the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR) and their respective appellate bodies.
An appeal from the NCLT may be made to the NCLAT within 45 (Forty five) days from the date of communication of the order of the NCLT. This limitation period can further be extended by 45 (Forty five) days if the NCLAT is satisfied that the appellant was prevented by sufficient cause from filing such appeal.
In the first phase, the Ministry of Corporate Affairs have set up eleven Benches, one Principal Bench at New Delhi and one each Regional Benches at New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Bengaluru, Chandigarh, Chennai, Guahati, Hyderabad, Kolkata and Mumbai. These Benches will be headed by the President and 16 Judicial Members and 09 Technical Members at different locations.
You may also like to read the following quiz on Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016:
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