There are many factors affecting the crop production. The crop yield depends upon factors like climate, water, environment etc.
The factors affecting crop production can be classified into Internal and External factors.
The internal factors are related to Genetic make-up of plants. These character of plant are less affected by environmental factors.
The external factors that affect the crop production are:
The climatic factors which affect the crop production are:
Plants grown in land completely depend on soil on which they grow. The soil factors that affect crop growth are
Beneficial and harmful effects caused by other biological organism (plants and animals) on the crop plants
Topographic factors affect the crop growth indirectly. For example, a mountain slope exposed to low intensity of light and strong dry winds may results in poor crop yields
Agricultural land use, cropping pattern and agricultural processes are also largely influenced by the socioeconomic factors such as fragmentation of operational holdings, labour, land revenue, system, mechanization and equipments, transportation facilities and marketing facilities.
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