The agriculture can be categories into seven branches. These seven branches of agriculture are as follows:
Agronomy deals with the production of various crops which includes food crops, fodder crops, fibre crops, sugar, oilseeds, etc. The aim is to improve the use of soil and increase the production of food and fiber crops.
Horticulture mainly deals with the production of fruits, vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, spices, condiments and beverages.
Forestry deals with production of large scale cultivation of perennial trees for supplying wood, timber, rubber, etc. it also provides raw materials for industries. It is the management of forested land, together with associated waters and wasteland, primarily for harvesting timber
Animal husbandry deals with agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock in order to provide food for humans and to provide power (draught) and manure for crops. It is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products. It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.
Fishery deals with practice of breeding and rearing fishes including marine and inland fishes, shrimps, prawns etc. in order to provide food, feed and manure
Agricultural Engineering deals with the design, construction and improvement of farming equipment and machinery. It also involves farm machinery for filed preparation, inter-cultivation, harvesting and post harvest processing including soil and water conservation engineering and bio-energy.
Home Science deals with application and utilization of agricultural produces in a better manner in order to provide nutritional security, including value addition and food preparation
Download this article as PDF
We hope you liked this article. You may also like to read:
Click to go to NABARD Grade A Preparation Page
Tags: Branches of Agriculture NABARD Grade A
Punjab Civil Services 2021