Agro-climatic Zones of India

March 3, 2021
Agro-climatic Zones of India

In 1988 Planning Commission divided the country into 15 agro-climatic zones. These 15 zones were further sub-divided into 73 sub-zones based on more specific soil types, topography, climate and cropping pattern characteristics.

15 agro-climatic zones of India

  1. Western Himalayan division: Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Kumaun-Garhwal areas of Uttaranchal
  2. Eastern Himalayan division: It consists of Sikkim, Darjeeling area (West Bengal), Arunachal Pradesh, Assam hills, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura
  3. Lower Gangetic plain region: This region spreads over eastern Bihar, West Bengal and Assam valley
  4. Middle Gangetic plain region: It includes eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar (except Chotanagpur plateau)
  5. Upper Gangetic plain region: This region encompasses central and western parts of Uttar Pradesh
  6. Trans-Gangetic plain region: It consists of Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Chandigarh and Ganganagar district of Rajasthan
  7. Eastern plateau and hill region: It comprises the Chotanagpur plateau Rajmahal hills, Chhattisgarh plains and Dandakaranya
  8. Central plateau and hill region: This region spreads over Bundelkhand, Baghelkhand, Bhander plateau, Malwa plateau and Vindhyachal hills
  9. Western plateau and hill region: It comprises southern part of Malwa plateau and Deccan plateau (Maharashtra).
  10. Southern plateau and hill region: It includes southern Maharashtra, Karnataka, western Andhra Pradesh and northern Tamil Nadu
  11. East coast plain and hill region: It includes the Coromandel and Northern Circar coasts.
  12. West coast plain and hill region: It extends over the Malabar and Konkan coasts and the Sahyadris and is covered by laterite and coastal alluvials
  13. Gujarat plain and hill region: It includes Kathiawar and fertile valleys of Mahi and Sabarmati rivers.
  14. Western plain and hill region: It comprises western Rajasthan west of the Aravallis
  15. Island region: The island region includes Andaman-Nicobar and Lakshadweep which have typically equatorial climate

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