Some Important Government Schemes

We are posting some important government schemes which are relevant from the exam point of view.

Scheme & Plan Launched by Union & State Government

  1. Pradhan Mantri Krishi Seenchayi Yojana
    Pradhan Mantri Krishi Seenchayi Yojana was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
    The Yojna has been announced to meet the irrigation needs of all farmers across the country. Sum of Rs. 1000 crore rupees has been allocated for implementation of the scheme.
  2. Karnataka, Kerala sign MoU for Rural Livelihood Mission
    As per the MoU, Kerala Governement’s Kudumbashree and Karnataka State Rural Livelihood Mission are to help train and hand-hold rural Self Help Groups (SHGs) in Karnataka.
  3. Govt re-launches Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana
    The government has re-launched the Varishtha Pension Bima Yojana, for the benefit of citizens aged 60 years and above.
    Note:

    1. It will provide monthly pension ranging from 500 to 5,000 rupees per month to senior citizens of the country.
    2. The Scheme will be administrated by the Life Insurance Corporation, LIC.
  4. National rural scheme on PPP model launched
    Rural Development Minister Nitin Gadkari launched the Shyama Prasad Mukherjee National Rural Mission on PPP model with an allocation of 100 crore rupees.
    Note:

    1. The scheme will be initially available in three districts of the country on pilot basis. The districts are Warangal in Andhra Pradesh and two districts in Maharashtra.
    2. The scheme is intended to stop migration from rural areas to cities. The government wants to create infrastructure in villages so that people can get employment there and do not migrate to cities.
  5. Padho Pardesh scheme for minority community
    Government has launched a scheme titled, Padho Pardesh, for providing interest subsidy on educational loans for overseas studies for students belonging to the notified minority communities like Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Parsis.
    Note: The objective of the scheme is to award interest subsidy to meritorious students belonging to economically weaker sections of the notified minority communities so as to provide opportunities for higher education abroad and enhance their employability.
  6. Rashtriya Gokul Mission
    Government has launched the Rashtriya Gokul Mission to promote conservation and development of indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner.
    The mission aims at enhancing milk production, upgrading non-descript cattle using elite indigenous breeds and distribute disease free high genetic bulls.
  7. National Mission of Food Processing
    Scheme to minimize wastage of fruits and vegetables.
  8. Chief Minister’s Social Assistance (CMSA)
    The scheme is launched in Meghalaya for widows and pensioners.
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Other Important Government Schemes

  1. BHARAT NIRMAN
    1. It was implemented and extended in three phases i.e., from (2005 – 2009), (2009 – 2012), (2012- 2014)
    2. It is centrally sponsored scheme for the rural development of India started in September 2005.
    3. There are 6 objectives in this scheme:
      • Road connectivity to the village.
      • Irrigation: To Provide irrigation facility.
      • Water Supply: To provide clean drinking water to all villages
      • Electrification: To provide Electricity to all villages
      •  Housing: To construct Pakka houses for BPL house- holds under Indira Awas Yojana
      • Telecommunication: To provide telephone connectivity to all villages
  2. JNNURM (Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission)
    1. It was implemented and extended in two phases i.e., (2005 – 2012), (2012 – 2014)
    2. Started in the year 2005 to make million plus cities squatter (Slum area) free.There are 2 components
      • To construct pakka houses for urban poor dwelling in squatter under Rajiv Awas yojana.
      • To make transportation system faster and greener.
  3. NRHM (National Rural Health Mission)
    1. It was started on 12th April 2005 to enhance the health facilities in rural areas.
    2. The appointment of ASHA workers (Accredited social health activist) in Angonwadi Kendra to provide basic information on health and hygiene conditions as well as to guide people regarding conservation of water.
  4. MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act)
    1. It was on started on 2nd Feb 2006 to provide minimum 150 days from 1st April 2013 (previously it was of 100 days) of employment to BPL house hold.
    2. This scheme is both for Urban and Rural areas.
    3. The old name of this scheme is NREGA and it was changed to MGNREGA on 2nd Oct 2009.
    4. The wages under the scheme is fixed on the basis of CPI-AL (Consumer Price Index for Agricultural Labourers) which is calculated by the state government on the basis of their Per capita Income.
  5. UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India)
    1. It was started in the year 2010 to provide multipurpose national identity card (MNIC) to every Citizen aged above 5 years.
    2. Its name has been changed to Aadhar.
    3. Its model state was Karnataka (started)
    4. The retinal identification is taken from the age group of 14 and above.
    5. Scheme has 7 components like address, PAN no., Passport no., retinal identity etc, It consists of 12 digit number.
    6. Chairman: Nandan Nilkani
  6. NFSM (National Food Security Mission)
    1. This scheme is to reduce the poverty in India under national social assistance programme.
    2. Under Public Distribution System (PDS), government will provide rice @ Rs. 3/kg, wheat @ Rs. 2/kg to the BPL households.
  7. IGNOAPS (Indira Gandhi National Old age Pension Scheme)
    1. This Scheme is for the people who aged above 65 years.
    2. The amount of Rs. 400 per month (Central govt + State govt = Rs. 200 + Rs. 200) will be provided by both Central government and State government who aged between 65 – 80 years.
    3. Rs. 500 per month (Central govt + State govt = Rs. 250 + Rs. 250) for the people who aged more than 80 years.
  8. IGNWPS (Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme)
    1. The beneficiary is in between age group of 40-64 years in this scheme.
    2. Assistance of Rs. 400 per month (Central govt + State govt = Rs. 200 + Rs. 200) will be given to particular person.

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Note: This article is contributed by our facebook group (Papertyari) member Kaushal Kishore Sharma.

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