Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

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HTML stands for hypertext markup language. Websites and web pages are created using HTML. Web browsers understand HTML. It is a document that tells a computer how to display webpage. It is a text file containing markup tags that a web browser uses to interpret and display web page. An html file has html or htm file extension.

The basic structure of html page is:

<html>
       <head>
              <title>My home page</title>
       </head>
       <body>This is my first homepage. </body>
</html>

Let’s understand these tags:

  • <html>: The first tag of any html document is <html>. This tag tells the browser that this is the state of html document. The last tag of document is </html>, this tells the browser that this is end of html document.
  • <head>: The content between the <head> tag and the </head> tag is header information. This information is not displayed in browser window.
  • <title>: The content between the <title> tag and the </title> tag is the title of document. This content is displayed in the title bar of web browser.
  • <body>: The content between the <body> tags is the actual text that will be displayed to your browser.

Html tags are not case sensitive.

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Read next: HTML Tags Part – 1 ››

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