Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana – PMFBY

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), a crop insurance scheme was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 13th January, 2016 to support sustainable production in agriculture.


To provide efficient crop insurance scheme to farmers of the country by way of financial support in occurrence of crop loss/damage due to unforeseen events.

Salient Features

  • It is a crop insurance scheme.
  • It will be work under aegis of Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare.
  • The insurance premium will be low and subsidised by government.
  • Premium subsidy will be shared equally between Centre and State.
  • It will reduce the cost of premium significantly
  • It will ensure early payment of claims to eligible insured farmers.
  • Loanee farmers are compulsorily covered under the scheme.
  • Non-loanee farmers can also avail the scheme but are not compulsory to be covered.
  • It will leverage technology to collect information and process the claims.
  • Allocation of the scheme presented in budget 2016-2017 is Rs.5, 550 cores
  • To stabilse the income of farmers to ensure their continuous process in farming.

Premium Rates



Maximum Insurance charges payable by farmer (%age of sum insured)


All foodgrain and oilseeds crops

2% of SI or actuarial rate, whichever is less


All foodgrain and oilseeds crops

1.5% of SI or actuarial rate, whichever is less

Kharif and Rabi

Annual Commercial/Annual Horticultural crops

5% of SI or actuarial rate, whichever is less

Earlier Schemes

  • National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS), 1999
  •  Modified NAIS (MNAIS)

Crops Covered

  • Food crops (Cereals, Millets and Pulses)
  • Oilseeds
  • Annual Commercial / Annual Horticultural crops


The claim of losses arising out of war and nuclear risks, malicious damage and other preventable risks shall be excluded from scheme.

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