Central Sector Schemes and Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)
Central Sector Scheme
Central Sector Schemes are directly implemented by the Central Ministries. Generally these schemes are running in sectors which fall under the Union List in Indian constitution. These schemes are funded 100% by Union Government and are implemented under the direct supervision or directly by government of India.
Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS)
Centrally Sponsored Schemes (CSS) are schemes designed by the Central Government ministries in which the Centre contributes a part of the funds and the States are required to provide certain amount of matching contributions. It is the responsibility of the States to provide the human resource requirements and the infrastructure requirement for the successful implementation of the CSS.